The structure of CO2CRC facilitates collaboration between many of the world's leading carbon dioxide capture and storage researchers. Expertise is drawn from a variety of research institutions, including: CSIRO; Curtin University of Technology; Geoscience Australia; Monash University; The University of Adelaide (Australian School of Petroleum); The University of Melbourne; The University of NSW and Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
Disciplines in which CO2CRC has substantial expertise include:
- Regional geology, through which we develop and apply appropriate technologies to assess a range of geological sites that have the potential to be suitable for long-term storage of carbon dioxide.
- Reservoir and seal characterisation, used in assessing the sedimentological and stratigraphic heterogeneity of reservoirs and seals and their hydrodynamic flow systems, and to determine the impact of these on the geological storage of carbon dioxide.
- Geomechanics, through which research related to geomechanical aspects of carbon dioxide storage is applied to site-specific studies.
- Hydrogeology and geochemistry, used in improving understanding of carbon dioxide behaviour in the sub-surface over time and the implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide by investigating natural accumulations of carbon dioxide-water-rock-biota interactions.
- Reservoir engineering, underpinning the development and application of tools that predict the fate of carbon dioxide injected into deep saline formations.
- Geophysics, giving the capacity to monitor the processes of carbon dioxide containment within the sub-surface, near surface, and in the atmosphere.
- Coal systems, allowing the Centre to establish the carbon dioxide storage potential in suitable coal seams and in associated inter-seam, overburden and underburden sediments, as well as the potential arising from using carbon dioxide for enhancing recovery of coal-bed methane.
- Risk assessment, focused on assessment of carbon dioxide storage risks, particularly in identifying and characterising storage sites of suitable quality with adequate prospects for long-term reservoir performance and containment.
- Solvents and solvent-hybrid systems, enabling evaluation of their cost-effectiveness in the removal of carbon dioxide from a range of applications. These evaluations include energy, impurity and equipment factors that affect the cost of capturing carbon dioxide.
- Membranes, enabling evaluation of the cost effectiveness of gas-separation systems in the removal of carbon dioxide from a range of applications. These evaluations also include energy, impurity and equipment factors that affect the cost of capturing carbon dioxide.
- Pressure swing adsorption, enabling evaluation of the cost effectiveness of pressure swing adsorption systems in the removal of carbon dioxide from a range of applications. These evaluations also include energy, impurity and equipment factors that affect the cost of capturing carbon dioxide. The Centre will also evaluate other variants using adsorbent techniques, drawing together the full range of adsorbent cycles and materials development to develop complete carbon dioxide capture processes.
- Hydrates and cryogenics, enabling evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of hydrate and cryogenic systems in the removal of carbon dioxide from a range of applications.
- Economic modelling, through which the Centre is constructing a computerised economic model for carbon dioxide and mixed gas capture and storage, and developing methodology, research reports and advice on carbon dioxide capture, storage and transport economics, as well as the economics of enhanced oil and gas recovery based on the injection of carbon dioxide.